Working Papers

  • Divide and Rule? Separating Wheat from Chaff with Evidence from Colonial South Asia

Although the historical record does not support the divide-and-rule thesis for colonial India, British rule was divisive. This paper explains how.

  • Loyalty and Defection in Nationalist Times: The Causal Role of Imperial Magna Cartas

Variation in agrarian policy across the provinces of colonial India helps explain why nationalist movements were able to mobilize rural populations in some regions while failing to do so in others.

  • On the Determinants of Colonial Institutions: Evidence from the British Empire

A shift in the colonial administrators’ perceptions of native society from assimilable to irredeemable best explains the shift from direct to indirect rule in the British Empire.